Postpartum contraception: If you suckle your baby after delivery, it is best not to take contraceptives. If you don’t, start taking contraceptive pills 2 to 3 weeks after childbirth. To insert an intrauterine device, 6 to 8 weeks after delivery should be fine.
Contraceptives curb ovulation and make the cervix mucus sticky to prevent sperms from entering the uterus and the fertilized egg from being implanted in the uterus.
(1) How to take: You take oral contraceptives for 21 days and stop taking it for 7 days. During these 7 days, you will see bleeding like a period. Mostly, you start taking contraceptives from the first day of your period. Take all 21 pills (one pill a day) and you’ll start your period in 2 to 4 days after the day you took the last one. After these 7 days, start taking them regardless of your period. It is advised to take each pill at the same time every day.
(2) Expected effects: It is a safe and highly effective contraceptive. If you want a baby again, stop taking it and you will be able to become pregnant. Your period becomes regular.
(3) Side effects: If you experience headaches, lochia, weight gain and irregular bleeding, you need to consult with your doctor. While taking these pills, you need to receive an obstetric examination once a year.
(4) Prohibited patients: Those who have liver diseases, phlebitis, varix, thrombosis and internal secretion-related diseases
The intrauterine device refers to a plastic device with coiled copper which is inserted into the uterus to prevent the fertilized egg from being implanted.
(1) Expected effects: As long as you equip it, the contraception continues. Upon equipping it, you can expect an instant result. If you want a baby, you just have it removed and you’ll be able to conceive. You’d feel no difficulties in having sex. It is economical and doesn’t have negative effects on breast-feeding mothers.
(2) Caution: Make sure to get it done by a professional obstetrician, or it may cause the amount of menstruation and the vaginal discharge to increase or cause pelvic inflammation.
(3) When to insert: It is best to insert it by the time when the normal period ends so the cervix softens up and opens a little. If you delivered a baby, it’s better to wait 6 to 8 weeks before insertion.
(4) Prohibited patients: menorrhagia, pelvic organ infections genital carcinoma, myoma, uterine anomaly
(1)To use: While the man’s genital is firmly erect, wear a condom before his genital comes in contact with the woman’s vagina. Be careful not to tear it with nails or a ring. Twist the tip of a condom slightly to air off and put either side on the end of the genital. User your other hand to take the coiled part down and stretch it to cover the entire genital. Try not to cover it too tightly by pulling hard and leave 1 to 2cm of space at the end to let semen fill up. After ejaculation, take the genital out of the vagina before it contracts and remove the condom. Be careful not to let semen spill out when taking it out.
(2) Expected effects: It is economical and easy to buy. It only needs to be used during sexual intercourse. If you want, stop using it to get pregnant.
(3) Caution: It may be a bit uncomfortable in a natural sex life. It can be inconvenient to use and dispose of afterwards.