Crying is your baby's only means of communication. In this case, you must figure out if your baby's hungry, needs her diaper changed, feels discomfort, or has come down with something. If she cries too often for no particular reason, you should soothe her to stop crying. For example, you may change her diapers, have her burp, wrap her in a blanket and hold her, take her outside, or drive her in your car.
Biological jaundice where your baby's skin becomes yellow at around 2 to 3 days after birth may occur. In most cases, it disappears in about 5 to 7 days. Jaundice progresses from the head of a baby to the feet as the severity increases. It should be distinguished from pathologic jaundice. If you find it difficult to decide which is which, you should see a doctor. In particular, if you have type O or Rh negative blood, you must take extra caution. If your baby is breast-fed, this symptom may continue for over a month. If breastfeeding jaundice is not that severe, you may continue breastfeeding. If not, you might want to consider suspending it for a while.
A newborn baby's resistance against germs or viruses is at a low level, which renders him prone to infectious diseases. You must take extra caution in crowded places and if there is a family member with symptoms of a cold or diarrhea. The best way to prevent it is to wash hands clean. In particular, you must develop a habit of washing your hands before/after taking care of your baby, before nursing, and after changing diapers. In addition, you must clean up milk bottles, milk bottle handles and toys, and keep them hygienic.
You change your baby's diapers when your baby wakes up, after nursing, and before going to bed. Usually, you will get to change diapers about 10 times a day. You may prevent diaper rashes by changing diapers right after your baby produces stool or urinates. Wash the area covered with a diaper with warm neutral soap water, rinse with clean water, and wipe gently with a tender cloth. If you use wet tissues, avoid using those that contain alcohol or artificial scents. The use of powder may worsen a rash, so avoid using it. It is important to clean up and dry the area. If the symptom is severe, you must see a doctor.
Vomiting and Hiccups
Your baby may throw up small amounts of milk (breast-fed/bottle-fed) regardless of whether or not she has burped after nursing. If there is no weight reduction and the amount of vomit is small, it is okay. If your baby vomits often, lay down your baby by tilting her to the side and let her sleep. In addition, a baby may have hiccups when her diaper's wet or after nursing. This will get better in time with no particular treatment. If a baby younger than 1 month-old vomits severely in a spouting motion every time she eats and shows no weight gain, pyloric stenosis may be present and you must consult with a doctor.
Baby colic is a condition in which a normally healthy baby keeps crying or even screams for hours or all night without any particular reason. This may continue until they get to sleep from being tired. The conclusive reason is yet to be found. Normally, baby colic starts around 2 to 4 weeks after birth and it will gradually get better at around 6 weeks. The condition almost invariably disappears at around 4 months. The best strategy is to try to make your baby feel comfortable as much as you can. Do not panic. Hold her and soothe her. Having her burp or stimulating the anus to discharge some feces or gas may help.
* When to see a doctor/health care provider If your baby is reluctant to eat and her suckling power has weakened, sleeps too much (over 22 hours a day), vomits in a spouting motion, the frequency and amount of vomiting is great, vomits a green substance, suffers watery diarrhea too often, rarely urinates, frets much more than usual, breathes too quickly or finds it difficult to breathe, has a fever of 37.8°C or higher, looks pale or bluish, goes into a spasm